Hygiene practices. Professor Elizabeth Bradley, director of the Health Management Program, led a Yale group working with the World Health Organization and Chinese government to assess hand and dental hygiene practices in a study of infection control in Chinese hospitals. Promoting proper hand hygiene among health care workers is a challenge throughout the world, including the United States, and the work in China emphasized a quality improvement approach focused on creating systems that promote better hand and dental hygiene practices in hospitals.
AIDS, war victims. In June, Anna Dolinsky and Alana Rosenberg of the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) traveled to Rwanda and Uganda to visit projects sponsored by the Association Francois Xavier Bagnoud (AFXB), which provides health, education, psychosocial and income-generation services to families taking care of children who have been orphaned or made vulnerable due to HIV/AIDS or war. As a result of the trip, two country study papers that describe and analyze the AFXB model of care were developed and presented at the International AIDS Conference in Bangkok.
Gates grant. Also this summer, CIRA received a $2.1 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to support HIV prevention research among high-risk populations in four southern states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. The three-year grant will be used to develop strategies to alter the social, economic, political and normative factors that make up the risk environments for HIV infection where individuals live and work.